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 Mary Augusta Hiester Reid  (1854 - 1921)

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Lived/Active: Pennsylvania/Ontario/New York / Canada      Known for: landscape, portrait, still life, floral, interior and atmospherics painting

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Mary Hiester Reid
from Auction House Records.
STILL LIFE WITH COPPER POT AND ROSES
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Mary Hiester Reid

Born –  Reading,Pennsylvania, United States, 1854
Died –  Toronto, Ontario, 1921

While studying at the Pennsylvania Academy, Mary Hiester met and later married the Canadian artist George Agnew Reid.  The couple moved to Toronto in 1885, and lived on Indian Road and later in Wychwood Park.  During each summer between 1891 and 1916, they lived in their home at Onteora, New York.

The couple traveled five times to Europe, where Reid studied at the Academy Colarossi*, Britain, Belgium and the Netherlands.  Reid showed almost every year with the Royal Canadian Academy* and the Ontario Society of Artists*.

She was a prolific and financially-successful artist and was best known and most admired for her paintings of flowers, which received extensive reviews in the Toronto press.  She also had a career as a teacher, but this part of her life has been little-documented.  A retrospective show of her work held in 1922, the year following her death, at the Art Gallery of Toronto, included over 300 works.

Media used
Painting

Education
Philadelphia School of Design
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1883 - 1885 (under Thomas Eakins; Thomas Anschutz)
Académie Colarossi, Paris, 1888 - 1889 (under Gustave Cortois; Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret; Jean Rivens, 1888-1889 and 1896)

Memberships
Ontario Society of Artists, 1887
Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, Associate, 1893
Canadian Society of Applied Art, 1904
Toronto Ladies Club
Women's Canadian Club
Social Service Club

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Writings about
"...Pictures at the Gallery of the Art Association." Gazette (Montreal) 7 May 1892.
"A La Galerie Des Arts." La Presse (Montreal) 20 Mar. 1905.
"A la Galérie des Arts." La Presse (Montreal) 24 Mar. 1906: 5, 26.
"A Painter of Flowers." Farmer's Sun (Toronto) 24 Oct. 1922: 4.
"A Study in Grays, by Mary Hiester Reid." Saturday Night (9 Dec. 1922).
"Among the Paintings: Some Canvases Hanging in the Art Gallery." Daily Witness (Montreal) 14 Mar. 1896: 10.
"Annual Exhibition of the Royal Canadian Academy." Montreal Herald 22 Mar. 1902.
"Art and Artists." Globe (Toronto) 15 Dec. 1920: 10.
"Art and Artists." Saturday Night 6.26 (20 May 1893): 14.
"Art Exhibition: More about the paintings." Daily Witness (Montreal) 3 Apr. 1897: 1.
"Art Exhibition: The 15th Spring Exhibition of the Art Association." Montreal Herald 14 Apr. 1894.
"Art Exhibition: Water Colours, Statuary and Miniatures." Montreal Daily Witness 6 Apr. 1897.
"Art Gallery Jottings: The Different Pictures Ably Criticised - An Improvement on Former Years." Metropolitain 5 May 1894.
"Art Gallery: The Spring Exhibition Which Opens on Monday Next." Montreal Star 2 Apr. 1898.
"Art Notes." Saturday Night (25 May 1895): 9.
"Art Notes." Saturday Night 7. 20 (7 Apr. 1894): 6.
"Art Notes." Week (Toronto) 13 Apr. 1894: 470.
"Art Works On View Set High Standard: Thirty-Eighth Annual Exhibition of Royal Canadian Academy Is Opened." Gazette (Montreal) 17 Nov. 1916.
"Artists' Work, Spring Exhibit, An Advance Glance at Art Association Gallery." Montreal Star 4 Apr. 1898.
"At the Art Gallery: A Criticism of the Exhibition on Mr. and Mrs. Reid." Gazette (Montreal) 16 Dec. 1891.
"At the Art Gallery: A Larege Attendance at the Art Gallery - Some of the Pictures." Gazette (Montreal) 5 May 1894.
"Beau geste d'artistes de la capitale." La Presse 28 Jan. 1915.
"Canada Loses Genius in Person of Mary Reid, a Brilliant Painter." Edmonton Bulletin 24 Oct. 1921.
"Canada Loses Noted Artist." Globe (Toronto) 5 Oct. 1921: 14.
"City Items." Witness (Montreal) 12 Dec. 1891.
"Exhibition at the Art Gallery." Arcadia 1.21 (1 Mar. 1893): 449-50.
"Exhibition of Art: High Water Mark Reached in This Year's Spring Showing in Art Galleries." Gazette (Montreal) 3 Apr. 1909: 9.
"Exhibition of Paintings: Work of Mr. G. A. Reid, R.C.A. and Mrs. Reid at the Art Gallery." Star (Montreal) 13 Dec. 1891.
"Exhibition: Some of the Striking Pictures of the Exhibition." Star (Montreal) 2 Apr. 1897.
"Exhibits At Spring Show Now Open Number Nearly 500." Montreal Herald and Daily Telegraph 26 Mar. 1915.
"Exposition de Tableaux à la Galérie des Arts." La Presse (Montreal) 2 Apr. 1907.
"Interest is Keen." Gazette (Montreal) 1 Dec. 1902: 9.
"It may interest the art public amongst your readers ..." Saturday Night 6.4 (14 Oct. 1893): 3.
"L'Exposition de peintures." La Presse (Montreal) 23 Mar. 1912.
"Mary Hiester Reid, A.R.C.A." Hamilton Spectator 10 Dec. 1921.
"Mary Hiester Reid: The Passing of a Canadian Artist." Saturday Night (15 Oct. 1921): 35.
"Memorial Exhibition Tribute to Artist." Toronto Star 9 Oct. 1922: 26.
"Mrs. G. A. Reid Dead: Wife of Principal of Ontario College of Art Dead." Toronto Star 4 Oct. 1921.
"Mrs. George A. Reid, A.R.C.A." The Canadian Theosophist 2.8 (15 Oct. 1921): 122.
"Much Good Work at R.C.A. Exhibition: Thirty-Fifth Annual Show Comprises Interesting Pictures by Local Artists." Gazette (Montreal) 21 Nov. 1913: 5.
"Nos Artistes Canadiens." La Presse (Montreal) 19 Dec. 1905.
"On the walls of the Heliconian Club [...]." Globe (Toronto) 9 Nov. 1920.
"Onze tableaux pour le musée de la capitale." La Presse (Montreal) 24 Nov. 1913.
"Pictures for National Gallery." Canadian Courier 9 May 1908: 23.
"Pictures That are Being Talked About." Montreal Witness 15 Apr. 1909.
"Rare Beauty and Variety: Paintings by Mrs. M. H. Reid." Toronto Telegram 6 Oct. 1922: 13.
"Rare Pictures in Art Gallery: Memorial Exhibition of Work by Mary Heister Reid." Globe (Toronto) 13 Oct. 1922.
"Reid: Ever the Lady." Hamilton Spectator 25 Nov. 2000.
"Revue complete du Salon." Les Nouvelles 4 Apr. 1897.
"Royal Canadian Academy Exhibition has Work by Artists Now at Front." Gazette (Montreal) 19 Nov. 1915.
"Social and Personal." Saturday Night 22.29 (May 1909): 6.
"Spring Art Exhibition, Many Interesting Works From Quebec and Ontario Artists." Montreal Witness 26 Mar. 1909.
"Spring Art Exhibition." Montreal Witness 24 Mar. 1906: 12.
"Spring Art Show has 478 Exhibits." Gazette (Montreal) 26 Mar. 1915.
"Spring Exhibition: Some of the pictures and the men who painted them." Daily Witness (Montreal) 2 Apr. 1898.
"Studio-Talk." Studio 60.248 (15 Oct. 1913): 160-2.
"The Annual O.S.A. Exhibition." Saturday Night (29 Feb. 1908): 4.
"The Art Gallery: Last Words on the Spring Exhibition at the Art Gallery." Witness (Montreal) 10 May 1892.
"The Palette Club Exhibition." Saturday Night 8.2 (1 Dec. 1897): 7.
"The Palette Club Exhibition." Saturday Night 7.10 (27 Jan. 1894): 6.
"The Reid Exhibition: A Pleasant Hour Can be Spent Viewing Their Pictures in the Art Gallery." Gazette (Montreal) 12 Dec. 1891.
"The Spring Exhibition." Gazette (Montreal) 28 Feb. 1895: 2.
"The Spring Exhibition: Opened at the Art Gallery Last Night." Montreal Daily Star 7 Mar. 1895.
"Une Exposition Artistique." La Presse (Montreal) 1 Dec. 1902: 5.
"Well Represented at R.C.A.'s Annual Exhibit." Montreal Herald 22 Nov. 1913.
"With the Artists: Annual Spring Exhibition at the Art Gallery." Gazette (Montreal) 5 Apr. 1898.
Agnes Etherington Art Centre. Permanent Collection, 1968. Kingston, Ontario: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queen's University, 1968.
Art Gallery of Ontario. The Canadian Collection. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Co. of Canada, 1970.
Art Gallery of the Toronto Public Reference Library. Catalogue of the 2nd Annual Exhibition of Little Pictures by Canadian Artists. Toronto: Art Gallery of the Toronto Public Reference Library, 1914.
Art Gallery of Toronto. Catalogue of Inaugural Exhibition, January 29th to February 28th Nineteen Hundred and Twenty-Six. Toronto: Art Gallery of Toronto, 1926.
Art Gallery of Toronto. Memorial Exhibition of Paintings by Mary Hiester Reid. Toronto: Art Gallery of Toronto, 1922
http://www.archive.org/details/memorialexhibiti00reid.
Benezit, Emmanuel. Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs. Paris: Librairie Grund, 1976.
Charlesworth, Hector. "Mary Heister Reid: Vast Memorial Display of Works by a Canadian Painter of Rare Gifts." Saturday Night 37 (21 Oct. 1922): 5.
Cornelia. "Mary H. Reid Amazes Grange Visitors." Telegram (Toronto) 7 Oct. 1922.
Davies, Blodwen. "Canadian Women of Brush and Chisel." Chatelaine 3 (Jun. 1930): 9, 42.
Dignam, Mary E. "Distinguished Professional Women." Women of Canada: Their Life and Work. Toronto: National Council of Women of Canada, 1900.
Doyle, Lynn C. "Art." Saturday Night 9.20 (4 Apr. 1896): 15.
Doyle, Lynn C. "Art." Saturday Night 10.6 (26 Dec. 1896): 9.
Doyle, Lynn C. "Art." Saturday Night 10.3 (5 Dec. 1896): 9.
Doyle, Lynn C. "Art." Saturday Night 10.5 (19 Dec. 1896): 15.
Effigy. "Art and Artists." Saturday Night 6.17 (18 Mar. 1893): 15.
English, John, ed. Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online Ottawa: Libraries and Archives Canada, 2008
http://www.biographi.ca/.
Fabien, Henri. "À la Galérie des beaux-arts." Le Devoir (Montreal) 3 Apr. 1915.
Farr, Dorothy and Luckyj, Natalie. From Women's Eyes: Women Painters in Canada. Kingston: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1975.
Forsey, William C. The Ontario Community Collects: a survey of Canadian painting from 1766 to the present. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1975.
Foss, Brian and Anderson, Janice. Quiet Harmony: The Art of Mary Hiester Reid. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 2000.
Gessell, Paul. "Exhibits Show How Times Change for Female Artists." Ottawa Citizen 1 Sept. 2001.
Gill, Charles. "Le Salon de Peinture." La Presse (Montreal) 22 Mar. 1902.
Gill, Charles. "Le Salon." Unknown 5 Apr. 1906: 4.
Grant, Jean. "Studio and Gallery." Saturday Night 12 (19 Nov. 1898): 9.
Guillet, Edwin Clarence. The Valley of the Trent. Toronto: Champlain Society, 1957.
Haggo, Regina. "Blooming in the Shadow of her husband." Hamilton Spectator 25 Nov. 2000.
Harper, J. Russell. Early Painters and Engravers in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1970.
Holmes, Robert. "The Passing of an Artist." Globe (Toronto) 10 Oct. 1921: 4.
Hubbard, R. H. National Gallery of Canada, Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture, Volume 3. Ottawa: Published for the Trustees by University of Toronto Press, 1960.
Hughes, Margaret E. A Guide to Canadian Painters. Toronto: King's Printer, 1940.
Jenkins, Mrs. Robert. "Montreal's Spring Art Exhibition." Canadian Courier (19 Apr. 1909).
Jeune, Louis-Marie Le. Dictionnaire général de biographie, histoire, litérature...du Canada. Ottawa: Université d'Ottawa, 1931.
Johnson, Jane and A. Greutzer. Dictionary of British Artists, 1880-1940. Woodbridge: Antique Collectors' Club, 1976.
Johnston, E. F. B. "Painting and Sculpture in Canada." Canada and Its Provinces. Toronto: Glasgow, Brook and Co, 1914.
Jones, Hugh Griffith. History of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Montreal: T.A. Dickson, 1934.
Kennedy Galleries. The National Academy of Design Exhibition Record, Volume II, M through Z. Tombstone, Arizona: Tombstone Epithaph, 1973.
Lehmann, Henry. "Two Women, Two Worlds: Delightful Shows at Concordia Feature Mary Hiester Reid, Anne Savage." Gazette (Montreal) 14 Sept. 2002: H.3.
London Public Library and Art Museum. Master Canadian Painters and Sculptors. London, Ontario: 1963.
M. L. O. F. "Two Women Painters Exhibit." Toronto Daily Star 14 Mar. 1912: 9.
MacBeth, Madge. "Canadian Women in the Arts." Maclean's 27.12 (Oct. 1914): 23-25, 105-108.
MacDonald, Colin S.. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009
http://www.pro.rcip-chin.gc.ca/bd-dl/aac-aic-eng.jsp?emu=en.aich:/Proxapp/ws/aich/user/wwwe/SearchForm.
MacMurchy, Marjory. "Representative Women: Mrs. G.A. Reid, Painter." Globe Saturday Magazine 16 Jul. 1910: 5.
Macorquodale, D. S. "Mary Hiester Reid, Obit. Oct. 4, 1921 [reprinted from The Mail and Empire]." Canadian Theosophist 2.9 (15 Nov. 1921): 144.
MacTavish, Newton. Ars Longa. Toronto: The Ontario Publishing Co., 1925.
Mallett, Daniel Trowbridge. Mallett's Index of Artists. New York: R.R. Bowker, 1935.
McKendry, Blake. A to Z of Canadian Art: Artists and Art Terms. Kingston: B. McKendry, 1997.
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Formerly Art Association of Montreal: Spring Exhibitions, 1880-1970. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988.
Miner, Muriel Miller. G.A. Reid, Canadian Artist; George Reid: A Biography. Toronto: Ryerson Press and Summerhill Press, 1946; (reprint) 1987.
Morgan, Henry James. The Canadian Men and Women of the Time: A Handbook of Canadian Biography. Toronto: William Briggs, 1898.
Muir, Norma Phillips. "Anatomical Art: The Story of a Canadian Girl who has Pioneered in One of the Most Unusual Professions Open to Women." Maclean's 42.15 (1 Aug. 1929): 55-6.
Murray, Joan. Ontario Society of Artists: 100 Years. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1972.
National Gallery of Canada. Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture: Canadian School. Ottawa: Trustees of the National Gallery of Canada, 1957.
Newlands, Anne. Canadian Art: From its Beginnings to 2000. Richmond Hill, Ontario: Firefly Books, 2000.
Ontario Society of Artists. Catalogue of the 38th Annual Exhibition of the Ontario Society of Artists, 1910. Toronto: Ontario Society of Artists, 1910.
Ontario Society of Artists. Catalogue of the Forty-Ninth Annual Exhibition of the Ontario Society of Artists, 1921. Toronto: Ontario Society of Artists, 1921.
Ontario Society of Artists. Catalogue of the Fourteenth Annual Exhibition of the Ontario Society of Artists, 1886. Toronto: Ontario Society of Artists, 1886.
Ontario Society of Artists. Catalogue of the Fourty-Eighth Annual Exhibition of the Ontario Society of Artists, 1920. Toronto: 1920.
Page, Anne Mandely. Canada's First Professional Women Painters, 1890-1914: Their Reception in Canadian Writing on the Visual Arts. Montreal: Concordia University, 1991.
Patterson, Norman. "Prominent Canadian Artists - Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Reid." Canadian Courier 9.16 (18 Mar. 1911): 7.
Petteys, Chris, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born Before 1900. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985.
Reference Division, McPherson Library, compilers. Creative Canada: A Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Creative and Performing Arts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, University of Victoria, 1971.
Robbins, John Everett, ed. Encyclopedia Canadiana. Ottawa: Canadiana Company of Canada, Grolier Society of Canada, 1957.
Robson, Albert Henry. Canadian Landscape Painters. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1932.
St. G. P. "Spring Exhibition." Montreal Herald 7 Apr. 1910.
St. John Art School. 1912 Provincial Exhibition, St. John, N.B., Catalogue: Loan Exhibition of Oil and Watercolor Paintings. St. John (New Brunswick): St. John's Art Club, 1912.
T. A. R. "Mary Hiester Reid, A.R.C.A." Saturday Night (3 Dec. 1921): 25.
Thieme, Ulrich and Felix Becker. Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Leipzig, Germany: E. A. Seamans, 1962.
Toronto Industrial Exhibition. "Ontario Society of Artists." Toronto Industrial Exhibition, Fine Arts Department. Toronto: 1902.
Volden, Donna. "Introductory Essay." Nutana Collegiate Memorial Art Gallery Permanent Collection. Saskatoon: Nutana Collegiate, 1995.
White, G.C.M. "An Artist Who Loved Life's Lovely Things." Canadian Farmer (Toronto) 30 Dec. 1922: 24.
Williamson, Moncrieff. Through Canadian Eyes: Trends and Influences in Canadian Art: 1815-1965. Calgary: Glenbow-Alberta Institute, 1976.

Writings by
Reid, Mary Hiester. "From Gibraltar to the Pyrenees (Second paper)." Massey's Magazine 1.6 (Jun. 1896): 373-84.
Reid, Mary Hiester. "From Gibraltar to the Pyrenees." Massey's Magazine 1.5 (May 1896): 297-308.

Source:Canadian Women Artists History Initiative – http://cwahi.concordia.ca/sources/artists/displayArtist.php?ID_artist=59

Submitted by M.D. Silverbrooke,

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