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 Stanley Royle  (1888 - 1961)

About: Stanley Royle
 

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Lived/Active: Nova Scotia/New Brunswick / Canada/England      Known for: landscape, figure, portrait and genre painting, illustration

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Ad Code: 3
Stanley Royle
from Auction House Records.
DRIVING OUT THE FLOCK
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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Stanley Royle was a painter, illustrator, printmaker and educator.  He was born in Stalybridge, Lancashire, England, and died in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England where he had lived much of his life.  He also lived in the Canadian maritime provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick for about 15 years.
 
His mediums were oil, watercolor, gouache*, tempera*, pencil, chalk, lithograph* and mixed mediums.  His subjects were landscapes, figures in landscapes, English snow scenes, harbors, mountains, portraits and genre*. The painting locations were primarily the towns and environs near where he lived.  In England they included Yorkshire, Suffolk, Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire.  In Canada they included Peggy’s Cove, Halifax harbor, the Nova Scotia coastline and the Saint John River as well as the Rocky Mountains.  His style was Post-Impressionism*, Impressionism* and Plein Air*.
 
Quote:” …the landscape painter … can move mountains, trees, rivers, rocks, oceans, to any position he requires them to be on his canvas, and can give rhythmic emphasis to his subject matter… to the point of what would be considered distortion in portraiture or figure. Nature, in her many moods, gives him a wealth of material to select from. He can select just those qualities he requires, and discard what he considers unnecessary, thus creating a new beauty.” – Stanley Royle
 
His art education includes part-time and full-time studies at the Sheffield Technical School of Art from 1904 to 1910.  After graduation he worked for a short time as an illustrator and then began exhibiting as a professional artist.
 
Through the years he taught privately; however, his most influential positions as a teacher focus on two periods in Canada.  In 1931 he was hired as a teacher at the Nova Scotia College of Art in Halifax (1) where he worked until 1934, returning briefly to England.  In 1935 he was hired as Director of the Owens Art Museum and Professor of Drawing and Painting at Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick where he taught until 1945.  While there he developed the first Bachelor of Fine Arts degree course offered by a Canadian university.  It commenced in 1937. His most famous student was Alex Colville (see AskART) who, graduating from Mount Allison in 1942, was in the second graduating class awarded the BFA degree.
 
Royle was a member of the Royal Society of British Artists (associate 1918, full member 1920, resigned 1924), The Royal West of England Academy (1925), the Sheffield Print Club (1930), the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts* (Associate 1936, Academician 1942), the Royal Society of Arts (1936), and the Sheffield Society of Artists (President - 1950).
 
In addition to showing with the above organizations his list of exhibitions includes: the Royal Academy, London (1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1924, 1926, 1927, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1949, 1950); the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool  (1912, 1921, 1929); the National Academy of Design, New York (1933); the Ontario Society of Artists* (1933); the Art Association of Montreal (2) (1936); and the Societe des Artistes Francais*, Paris (3) (1951, 1952, 1955, 1961). His work was also included in “A Century of Canadian Art” at the Tate, London in 1938 and in the New York World’s Fair art exhibition in 1939.
 
Recently, his works have been included in “A Gentler Time: English and Canadian Watercolour Landscapes” at Dalhousie Art Gallery, Halifax (1998); “Diamond Jubilee: Nova Scotia Society of Artists” at Halifax City Hall (1998); “Atlantica: The View from Away” at Dalhousie Art Gallery (2004) and “A Picture of Britain” at Tate Modern, London (2005).
 
A Stanley Royle memorial exhibition was held at the Graves Gallery, Sheffield in 1962; the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia launched a touring exhibition to celebrated the 100th anniversary of his birth in 1988; and Owens Art Gallery (Sackville, N.B.) had “Stanley Royle Artist and Teacher, 1935 - 1945” in 2003.
 
Stanley Royle’s work is avidly collected on both sides of the Atlantic. Examples of it are also in numerous museums in Canada, Great Britain and Ireland including the Art Gallery of Alberta (Edmonton), the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria (B.C.), the  Confederation Centre Art Gallery & Museum (Charlottetown, P.E.I.), the Owens Art Gallery (Sackville, N.B.), the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia (Halifax), the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, the Beaverbrook Art Gallery (Fredericton, N.B.), the Dalhousie Art Gallery (Halifax), the National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa), Sheffield Galleries & Museums Trust (includes Graves Gallery, Millennium Gallery and several others in Sheffield, England), Aberdeen Art Gallery (Scotland),and the National Gallery of Ireland (Dublin).
 
His awards include the Silver Medal in 1951 and the Gold Medal in 1952 at the Society des Artistes Francais, Paris.
 
Footnotes:
 
(1) Elizabeth Styring Nutt (see AskART), the principal of the school (1925 -1943), a friend and a native of Sheffield hired him. However, they did not get along well in Nova Scotia which resulted in his leaving the school in 1934.
      Source: Stanley Royle’s granddaughter Lucy Copleston.  In 1969 the school’s name was changed to the Nova Scotia College of Art & Design.
 
(2) The AAM became the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in 1948.
 
(3) See AskART Glossary under  “Salon / Paris Salon”
 
* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see AskART.com Glossary http://www.askart.com/AskART/lists/Art_Definition.aspx
 
 
 Prepared and contributed by M.D. Silverbrooke
 
 

 

 

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