|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Stanley Royle was a painter, illustrator, printmaker and educator. He
was born in Stalybridge, Lancashire, England, and died in Sheffield,
Yorkshire, England where he had lived much of his life. He also lived
in the Canadian maritime provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick for
about 15 years.|
His mediums were oil, watercolor, gouache*, tempera*, pencil, chalk,
lithograph* and mixed mediums. His subjects were landscapes, figures in
landscapes, English snow scenes, harbors, mountains, portraits and
genre*. The painting locations were primarily the towns and environs
near where he lived. In England they included Yorkshire, Suffolk,
Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire. In Canada they included Peggy’s Cove,
Halifax harbor, the Nova Scotia coastline and the Saint John River as
well as the Rocky Mountains. His style was Post-Impressionism*,
Impressionism* and Plein Air*.
Quote:” …the landscape painter … can move mountains, trees, rivers,
rocks, oceans, to any position he requires them to be on his canvas,
and can give rhythmic emphasis to his subject matter… to the point of
what would be considered distortion in portraiture or figure. Nature,
in her many moods, gives him a wealth of material to select from. He
can select just those qualities he requires, and discard what he
considers unnecessary, thus creating a new beauty.” – Stanley Royle
His art education includes part-time and full-time studies at the
Sheffield Technical School of Art from 1904 to 1910. After graduation
he worked for a short time as an illustrator and then began exhibiting
as a professional artist.
Through the years he taught privately; however, his most influential
positions as a teacher focus on two periods in Canada. In 1931 he was
hired as a teacher at the Nova Scotia College of Art in Halifax (1)
where he worked until 1934, returning briefly to England. In 1935 he
was hired as Director of the Owens Art Museum and Professor of Drawing
and Painting at Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick
where he taught until 1945. While there he developed the first Bachelor
of Fine Arts degree course offered by a Canadian university. It
commenced in 1937. His most famous student was Alex Colville (see
AskART) who, graduating from Mount Allison in 1942, was in the second
graduating class awarded the BFA degree.
Royle was a member of the Royal Society of British Artists (associate
1918, full member 1920, resigned 1924), The Royal West of England
Academy (1925), the Sheffield Print Club (1930), the Royal Canadian
Academy of Arts* (Associate 1936, Academician 1942), the Royal Society
of Arts (1936), and the Sheffield Society of Artists (President - 1950).
In addition to showing with the above organizations his list of
exhibitions includes: the Royal Academy, London (1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1924, 1926, 1927, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1949, 1950); the
Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool (1912, 1921, 1929); the National
Academy of Design, New York (1933); the Ontario Society of Artists*
(1933); the Art Association of Montreal (2) (1936); and the Societe des
Artistes Francais*, Paris (3) (1951, 1952, 1955, 1961). His work was also
included in “A Century of Canadian Art” at the Tate, London in 1938 and
in the New York World’s Fair art exhibition in 1939.
Recently, his works have been included in “A Gentler Time: English and
Canadian Watercolour Landscapes” at Dalhousie Art Gallery, Halifax
(1998); “Diamond Jubilee: Nova Scotia Society of Artists” at Halifax
City Hall (1998); “Atlantica: The View from Away” at Dalhousie Art
Gallery (2004) and “A Picture of Britain” at Tate Modern, London (2005).
A Stanley Royle memorial exhibition was held at the Graves Gallery,
Sheffield in 1962; the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia launched a touring
exhibition to celebrated the 100th anniversary of his birth in 1988;
and Owens Art Gallery (Sackville, N.B.) had “Stanley Royle Artist and
Teacher, 1935 - 1945” in 2003.
Stanley Royle’s work is avidly collected on both sides of the Atlantic.
Examples of it are also in numerous museums in Canada, Great Britain
and Ireland including the Art Gallery of Alberta (Edmonton), the Art
Gallery of Greater Victoria (B.C.), the Confederation Centre Art
Gallery & Museum (Charlottetown, P.E.I.), the Owens Art Gallery
(Sackville, N.B.), the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia (Halifax), the
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, the Beaverbrook Art Gallery (Fredericton,
N.B.), the Dalhousie Art Gallery (Halifax), the National Gallery of
Canada (Ottawa), Sheffield Galleries & Museums Trust (includes
Graves Gallery, Millennium Gallery and several others in Sheffield,
England), Aberdeen Art Gallery (Scotland),and the National Gallery of
His awards include the Silver Medal in 1951 and the Gold Medal in 1952 at the Society des Artistes Francais, Paris.
(1) Elizabeth Styring Nutt (see AskART), the principal of the school
(1925 -1943), a friend and a native of Sheffield hired him. However,
they did not get along well in Nova Scotia which resulted in his
leaving the school in 1934.
Source: Stanley Royle’s granddaughter Lucy
Copleston. In 1969 the school’s name was changed to the Nova Scotia College of Art & Design.
(2) The AAM became the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in 1948.
(3) See AskART Glossary under “Salon / Paris Salon”
* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see
Prepared and contributed by M.D. Silverbrooke
|** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at registrar@AskART.com.|