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 Zdenek Rykr  (1900 - 1940)

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Lived/Active: Czech Republic      Known for: painting, graphic art

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Ad Code: 4
Zdenek Rykr
Landscape with Violins, c.1935 (o/c; 40 x 40 cm)
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Zdenek Rykr (Czech) - Painter, stage designer, graphic designer

Born - October 10, 1900 in Chotebor, Bohimia

Died - January 15, 1940 in Prague

Rykr studied art history and classical archaeology at the Charles University, Prague (1920-1925).  In 1921 he exhibited in the third exhibition of the Tvrdošíjní (Stubborn Ones), and his work from this period reflects Tvrdošíjiní's influence, from Magic Realism to Neoclassicism to Social Realism.  He worked as a graphic artist in advertising and for manufacturers such as Orion and Ba?a.  In the 1930s he frequently traveled to Paris and contributed to the magazine Delta.  In 1937 he joined the Salon des Surindependants.

A self-taught artist he made innovative works that include assemblages from 1933-1934 containing ephemeral mediums - straw, twigs, and thread - and collages mounted behind glass.  His paintings show the influence of Oriental calligraphy and the automatism as well as kitsch and popular culture.  

He published two books with his wife Milada Soucková in 1939.  

Following the occupation of Prague by the Nazis and unable to travel he committed suicide by throwing himself in front of a Paris-bound express train.

Czech Modernism 1900-1945, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1990, page #252

Information provided by Michael Reif

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