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An example of work by Florentin Smarandache
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|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|The following is from George Gregory:|
initiated the outer-art movement to ridicule that which modern art
takes everything for and calls it. art! Thus, outer-art consisted in
making art as ugly, as silly, as wrong as possible, and generally as
impossible as possible!"
Now an American citizen, Smarandache
was born on December 10, 1954, in Balcesti (district of Valcea),
Romania. He wrote in three languages: Romanian, French, and English and
became a poet, playwright, novelist, writer of prose, tales for
children, translator from many languages, experimental painter,
philosopher, physicist, mathematician.
He graduated with a
Masters Degree from the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
at the University of Craiova in 1979, got a Ph. D. in Mathematics from
the State University of Kishinev in 1997, and continued post-doctoral
studies at various American Universities after emigration.
was for Dr. Smarandache a hobby. He did:- graphic arts for his
published volumes of verse: "Anti-chambres/ Anti-poesies/ Bizarreries"
(mechanical drawings), "NonPoems" (paradoxist drawings), "Dark Snow"
& "Circles of light" (covers); - paradoxist collages for the
"Anthology of the Paradoxist Literary Movement", by J. -M. Levenard, I.
Rotaru, A. Skemer; - covers and illustrations of books, published by
"Dorul" Publ. Hse., Aalborg, Denmark; - illustrations in the journal:
"Dorul" (Aalborg, Denmark).
Many of his art works are held in
"The Florentin Smarandache Papers" Special Collections at the Arizona
State University, Tempe, and Texas State University, Austin (USA), also
in the National Archives of Valcea and Romanian Literary Museum
(Romania), and in the Musee de Bergerac (France)
Romanian communist era he got into conflict with authorities. In 1986
he did the hunger strike for being refused attendance at the
International Congress of Mathematicians at the University of Berkeley,
then published a letter in the Notices of the American Mathematical
Society for the freedom of circulating of scientists, and became a
dissident. As a consequence, he remained unemployed for almost two
years, living from private tutoring done to students. The Swedish Royal
Academy Foreign Secretary Olof G. Tandberg contacted him by telephone
from Bucharest. Not being allowed to publish, he tried to get his
manuscripts out of the country through the French School of Bucharest
and tourists, but for many of them he lost track.
from Romania in September 1988 and waited almost two years in the
political refugee camps of Turkey, where he did unskilled works in
construction in order to survive: scavenger, house painter, whetstoner.
Here he kept in touch with the French Cultural Institutes that
facilitated him the access to books and rencontres with personalities.
left behind his peasant parents (although the only child of them),
pregnant wife (he saw his second born son Silviu two and a half years
later when the family reunited to America), a seven year old son Mihai.
leaving the country he buried some of his manuscripts in a metal box in
his parents' vineyard, near a peach tree, and then retrieved them four
years later, after the 1989 Revolution when he returned for the first
time to his native country. Other manuscripts that he tried to mail to
a translator in France were confiscated by the secret police and never
returned. In March 1990 he emigrated to the United States.
prolific, he is the author, co-author, and editor of 55 books, and
contributed to over 100 literary and 50 scientific journals from around
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