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 Jack Stewart  (1926 - 2005)

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Lived/Active: New York      Known for: murals, paintings, drawings, teaching

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Jack Stewart
An example of work by Jack Stewart
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
The following information, submitted December 2010, is from Regina Stewart, wife of the artist.


Jack Stewart (1926-2005) Born: Atlanta, Georgia

EDUCATION:
Apprenticed three years to sculptor/painter Steffen Thomas
B.F.A. Yale University, studied with Josef Albers and Willem de Kooning
Studied architecture at Columbia University, 1951-53. M.A.
Ph.D., New York University.

Artist Statement:
"I'm doing what most artists have done historically, I've tried to find my own way in my own time. In my youth I was involved with action painting.  However, I came to realize that was the way of the generation that proceeded me and I turned away and found my own way.  Modernism is the art of one's time.

In the 1950s I had done small dry pigment paintings by dripping long oil enamel and other viscous glues, on canvas and paper, and sprinkling various pigments into the medium. Around 1957 I began creating paintings on canvases laid out on the floor by propelling the paint on the canvas with firecrackers.

While teaching in Greece in the early 1960s I became influenced by the post and lintel architecture of the ancients. This influence persists in my compositions today."
                                                                                    November 1998, Jack Stewart
 
About Stewart’s later work
Jack Stewart explored the excitement of the tensional relationships between the surface flatness of the canvas and the implied depth of its surface.
 
Stewart's work has long been characterized by surface images, often of trees, that seems to be stretched taught between the bottom and top edges of the canvas.  Over the years the pursuit of these tensional relationships led to the perforation of the surface of the canvas. When the surface agitation is perforated with openings, through which one can see deep vistas, the effect is that of great visual tension between the depth in the openings and the surface maze. He created paintings that physically engage the observer who is drawn into the painting while simultaneously being blocked from entering.
 
He has worked with spatial perforations since the early 1960s. He introduced the addition of concave mirrors in the 1980s. The mirrors are placed behind the many openings, or on occasion he paints on a surface of silver leaf, leaving the silver leaf to create the reflective depth.
 
The effect of this is to draw the observer into the depths of the painting. As the observer moves the light from the concave mirrors or silver leaf changes and the whole painting takes on the concept of movement. The painting comes alive the moment it is engaged by the eyes of the observer.

SOLO EXHIBITIONS

George Binet Gallery, NYC, 1950
Beardsley Gallery, Winsted CT, 1953
Grippi Gallery, NYC, 1963
Grippi and Waddell Gallery, NYC, 1964
Collegio Raffaelo, Urbino, Italy, 1973
80 Washington Square East Galleries, NYC 1975
Woods-Gerry Gallery, Providence, RI, 1976
Il Palazzo Grassi, Venice, 1976
Sheldon Swope Gallery, Terre Haute, IN, 1978
Blue Hill Cultural Center, Three Retrospectives, Pearl River, NY, 1989
Broome Street Gallery, NYC, The Anatomy of a Commissioned Work: The Brain Painting, 1990
Broome Street Gallery, Explorations on Canvas NYC, 1992
The Gwinnett Fine Arts Center, Duluth, GA, Explorations on Canvas, 1995
Broome Street Gallery, Drawings: Looking into the 21st Century, NYC, 2001
UMA Gallery, NYC, NY, An Endangered World, January 2004
UMA Gallery, NYC, NY, State of the Union, July 2004
Broome Street Gallery, NYC, 2005
Ogden Museum of Southern Art, New Orleans, LA, January – April 2009


GROUP EXHIBITIONS

New York City Center Shows, 1956-57
Roland De Aenlle Gallery, 59 West 53rd Street, NYC
Artists for/Artists of PS 619 Dec. 9 1959-Jan. 7 1960.
The American Federation of Arts National Traveling Show, 1965-66
The Art East Annual Exhibitions, NYC 1965-66-67-68
Casa Italiana, Columbia U., NYC 1969
22 = 44 Innovations ’71, Museum Galleries if The Cooper Union April 20 to May, 1971
Low Library Columbia University, NYC 1973
La Scuola di Teodora, Venice 1976
80 Washington Square East Galleries, NYC, July 14 – August 21, 1985
Holiday 22-2 Invitational, Noho Gallery, NYC, 1989
Bryant Galleries, Jackson, MS, 1992
Bennett Galleries. Knoxville, TN 1993
Art Students League, National Society of Mural Painters Centennial Exhibition, NYC, 1995
Olympia & York Gallery, NYC, 1996
Broome Street Gallery Exhibition, juried by Grace Glueck. NYC, 1996
Broome Street Gallery Holiday Invitational, NYC, 1996-97-98-99-00-01-02-03-04
Galeria Tonalli, Mexico City, 1997
Anita Shapolsky Gallery, NYC, 1997
NYAEA 50th Anniversary Exhibit juried by Stephen Doherty, NYC, 1997
Interpreting the River, Blue Hill Cultural Center, Pearl River, NY, 1997-98
Contemporary Selections from the National Academy, Silvermine Galleries, CT, 1998
International Mural Exhibition, Mexico City, 1997-98
Atlantic Gallery Annual Small Works Invitational, NYC, 1997-98
Art Students League, Murals Proposed - Murals Execute, 1998 Members Exhibition, NYC
Martinez Gallery, Retro-Active 1, NYC 1999
Blue Hill Cultural Center, Pearl River, NY, Three Artists From New York Artists Equity Association,  November 1999 – April 2000
WNYC The Art of War FM 93.9, 2003
Blue Hill Cultural Center, Pearl River, NY, Birds, Beasts, and Bugs, December 2001 - March, 2002
Broome Street Gallery 15th Anniversary Exhibition, NYC, 2005
Princeton International, NYC, May – September 2007
Broome Street Gallery Holiday Invitational, NYC, 2005-06-07-08-09
Art Basel Miami Beach, December 2010
 

MUSEUM EXHIBITIONS

Pennsylvania Academy Show, 1953
The Cooper Union Museum, NYC 1964 and 69
The Cooper Union Museum Gallery, Innovation'71
Collegeo Raffaello Museum, Urbino, Italy 1973
The Gwinnett Fine Arts Center, Duluth, GA, spring 1995
Alternative Museum, NYC, 1995
National Academy of Design, 171st Annual Exhibition, NYC, 1996
Recent Acquisitions 1995, National Academy Museum NYC, 1996
National Academy of Design 172nd Annual Exhibition, NYC, 1997
National Academy Museum, 174th Annual Exhibition, NYC, 1999
The Bronx Museum of the Arts, Urban Mythologies: NYC, 1999
National Academy Museum, 176th Annual Exhibition, NYC, 2001
National Academy Museum, 178th Annual Exhibition, NYC, 2003
A Fine Line: Drawings by National Academicians, The National Academy NY, 9/03-1/04
National Academy Museum, 180th Annual Exhibition, NYC, 2005
Ogden Museum of Southern Art, New Orleans, LA January 2009
Born in the Streets: Graffiti Fondation Cartier pour l’art Contemporain,” Paris, France, July, 2009-January 10, 2010
Museum of Contemporary Art, MoCA Los Angeles, April 2011
 

MURALS
Mosaic, ceramic tile, mixed media, and stained glass.  Among the sites of larger pieces is the
Versailles Hotel, Miami Beach, Florida.  There are two murals: Apollo Driving His Sun Chariot Across the Sky, end wall; and Latona and Her Twins, 92’ x 17’, mosaic on the facade, 1958/59

Other locations for murals are the
Cinerama Corporation, NYC, The Aegean stained glass mural, 1958
S.S. Santa Paula, eleven mosaic murals on this Grace Line ship sailing the Caribbean, 1958
S.S. Matsonia, Pacific Ocean, mosaic mural
S.S. Northern Star, mosaic murals
Hamilton Hotel, Chicago, ceramic tile mural
Hotel Aruba Caribbean, Netherlands Antilles, mosaic on the facade
Public School #28, NYC, mosaic murals Children at Study 18’ x 17’, and Children at Play 7’ x ‘5’, 1959
Avard Funiture Company, NYC, 5’ x 18’ laminated stained glass wall Voyage to Crete, NYC
Robin International, stained glass, NYC
Cluett Peabody Museum, Atlanta, GA, mixed media mural 4 ft. by 18 ft,
 
MUSEUMS AND PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

Ogden Museum of Southern Art, New Orleans, LA, 2009
The Museum of the City of New York, NYC
National Academy Museum, NYC
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
The Foundation of the Hudson Valley Center, Cortlandt Manor, NY, 2009
The Gwinnett Fine Arts Center, Duluth, GA
Jacqueline Casey Hudgens Center for the Arts, Duluth, GA
Museum of the University of Missouri, Cape Girardeau, MO
Wesleyan College, Macon GA
Public Art for Public Schools, PS 214, The High School of Aviation, NY
New York City School Construction Authority, NY
Savannah College of Art and Design, Savannah, GA
EMP Museum, Experience Music Project, Seattle, WA, 2000
Greenville County Museum of Art, Greenville, SC
Columbia Museum, Columbia, SC
Fleming College, Florence, Italy
Indiana State University, IN
Miami University, FL
New York University, NYC
Collegio Raffaelo, Urbino, Italy
 

PUBLICATIONS

Mosaic Art Today, by Larry Argiro, 1959
The Art of Mosaic, by Joseph Young, 1960
Technical editor of Modern Mosaic Techniques by Janice Loovos, Watson-Guptil, NY 1967
Articles on drawing and mosaics for: the Jefferson Encyclopedia, World Publ. Co., Chicago, 1969
"Korczak Ziolkowski and his Colossal Carving of Chief Crazy Horse", the Terre Haute Tribune-Star, 1978
"Richard Meier's Building The Atheneum at New Harmony", USA Today, January 1984
Subway Graffiti, U.M.I., Ann Harbor, MI, 1989
M.T.A.- Mass Transit Art, publication by the Groninger Museum, Holland, 1992
Graffiti Art: Spraycan Art of the Ludwig & Other Collections, published by Chiostro dell Bramante, Naples, Rome, and Florence, 1997
Exhibition Catalogue: Urban Mythologies: The Bronx Represented Since the 1960s, The Bronx Museum of the Arts, 1999
Drawings: Looking into the 21st Century, NYC, 2001
Renaissance Noire, Vol. 6, No. 1, Fall 2004
Graffiti Kings, Mass Transit Art of the 1970s, Abrams Publication, 2009
Public Art for Public Schools, Michele Cohen, The Monacelli Press, 2009
Born in the Streets: Graffiti Fondation Cartier pour l’art Contemporain, exhibition catalogue July, 2009-January 10, 2010

 
REVIEWS/INTERVIEWS/LECTURES

Stuart Preston, The New York Times, Art Review, 1950

Emily Genauer, American Artists Magazine, Pictures on Exhibit

CBS - 5 PM NEWS-Interview by Terry Azner 11-9-89

What it Takes, interview by Nancy Gold, Channel C Paragon Cable TV, 12-5-89

What it Takes, interview by Nancy Gold, Channel C Paragon Cable TV, 8-22-90

What it Takes, interview by Nancy Gold, Channel C Paragon Cable TV, 12-19-91

Daily News, Feb 28, 1990

Lucio Pozzi, Il Giornale Dell'Arte, June 1995

Lectured at the American Academy in Rome, 1997

Holland Cotter, New York Times, Art Review: National Academy, July 26,1996

Dominick Lombardy, New York Times, Art Review, Blue Hill Cultural Center, January 16, 2000

Holland Cotter, The New York Times - May 7, 1999, Retro-Active 1 at the Martinez Gallery in Chelsea.

WBAI, Charlie Finch, Art Breaking News, February 4, 1993 radio interview with Guy Kaldis, Jack Stewart, Paul Resika, Steven Harvey, and Hilton Kramer. Re: Aristo (Aristodimos) Kaldis’s exhibition of paintings at the Broome Street Gallery.

CBS Channel 2 News interview, May 8, 2003, to protest the plans to change 2 Columbus Circle the 1960s Modernist building designed by Edward Durell Stone
www.artnet.com/magazine_pre2000/people/robinson/robinson4-8-16.asp

Gallery&Studio, “Notable Recent Exhibitions: Broome Street Gallery 15th Anniversary Exhibition,

2005,” Vol. 7 No.3 January/February, 2005

Louisiana Cultural Vistas, “Expanding the Ogden’s Collection.”  Spring 2009
Gallery&Studio  “When Graffiti Was King: Jack Stewart’s Long Awaited Book,” Summer 2009, Vol. 11 No.5, 2009

 
ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS

Vice-President. & Provost of The Rhode Island School of Design

Professor and chairman of the Art Department, The Cooper Union,

Faculties of Columbia University, New York University, and Queens College

NYArtists Equity Association board of directors 1985-1986; recording secretary, 1986-1987; president, 1987-1989; and parliamentarian 1989 - 1995.

President of New York Artists Equity Assoc., Inc. NYC, 1987-89

President National Society of Mural Painters 1996-2000, president emeritus, 2004

Member of the Advisory Board, the Steffen Thomas Museum and Archives, GA, 1997-

Member of the Board of Directors, The Fine Arts Federation, of New York 1998, president 2003-2004

 
HONORS

Elected Academician member of the National Academy of Design, 1995

The Fine Arts Federation Certificate of Appreciation to Jack Stewart, President 2003-2005

 
ARCHIVES/PAPERS

National WWII Museum, New Orleans, LA 2009. Donations of letters, sketches, clothing, helmets, personal affects, V-Mail, and ephemera from Jack T. Stewart Jr. (34 838 991) service in the Army of the United States, WWII. Donated by Regina Stewart in Loving Memory of her husband Jack T. Stewart

The Smithsonian Archives of American Art, Washington, DC, 2010.  Donation of Jack Stewart’s writings, letters, sketches, photographs, catalogues of exhibitions, and exhibition announcement cards.

The Smithsonian Archives of American Art, Washington, DC, 2010. Donation of Jack Stewart’s Mass Transit Art Graffiti collection.
 

MEMBERSHIP AND BIOGRAPHICAL LISTINGS

The Archives of American Art, Smithsonian

New York Artists Equity Association, Inc.

The National Academy

National Society of Mural Painters

Who's Who in Art in America

Who's Who in the East

Who's Who in the World

 
   

            




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