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 Josef Scharl  (1896 - 1954)

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Lived/Active: New York / Germany      Known for: portrait, landscape paintings, illustrations

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Josef Scharl (b. 1896 / d. 1954)

Josef Scharl was born in Muinchen, Germany in 1896.  He was the second child from a family of 16.

At the Munich School of Painters, from 1910 to 1915, Scharl studied decoration, painting and restoration.  In 1915, he was drafted to military service.  With temporary paralysis of his right arm and other war injuries, Scharl spent the last year of the war in hospitals. 

Scharl enrolled at the Kunstakademie, in 1919, after his return from the war.  He began working as an independent artist in 1921.  One year later he married Magdalena Gruber.

Joining the artist groups "Munich Secession" and "Die Juryfreien" Scharl successfully participated in their exhibitions. Scharl was awarded the prestigious Rome Prize in 1930 allowing him to  travel through Italy and France during 1930 and 1932.

Scharl was banned from painting due to Nazis power in 1933.  However, he continued to have solo exhibits at the gallery Karl Nierendorf.  Scharl's works were included in a "degenerate" art exhibition during 1935 in Nuremberg.

With an invitation to participate in the Museum of Modern Art in New York, Scharl emigrated to the United States. He had met Albert Einstein, in Berlin.  Einstein helped Scharl organize various exhibition projects and supported him financially. Scharl painted portraits of Einstein while visiting him in Princeton several times.

The years 1944 to 1946 were the peak of Scharl's success in the United States. Scharl won the order of "Pantheon Books" to illustrate the Brother Grimm's Fairy Tales. Due to the fairy tale book ‘s commercial success, further orders followed.

In 1952, Scharl received his citizenship in the United States of America.  That same year he traveled to Switzerland to take part in exhibitions.  in 1953, Scharl declined an offer to teach in Munich and returned to the US.

Due to a heart attack, Scharl died in New York, 1954.

Sources Include:
http://weimarart.blogspot.com/2010/08/josef-scharl.html
http://www.josef-scharl.com/

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