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Jules Schyl (AKA: Jules Victor Schyl, Jules Victor Richard Schyl, Victor Jules Richard Schyl) was a painter, graphic artist, printmaker and collector (1) and a pioneer of modern art in Sweden. He was born in Copenhagen, Denmark and died in Malmo, Sweden (2) where he had lived most of his life.
His mediums were oil, watercolour, gouache, pastel, graphite, chalk, drypoint engraving, etching, and lithography. His subjects were landscapes, urban scenes, still life, portraits, figures, nudes and genre. The landscape locations are in his homelands of Sweden and Denmark as well as from his travels in Europe. His painting style is Fauvism and Expressionism, identified by vibrant colours and (frequently) prismatic surfaces.
His art studies included the Althin’s painting school in Stockholm (c. 1914 - 1917) and the Danish Arts Academy in Copenhagen (1917-1919) where he studied under Godfred Rode, Julius Paulsen, and Joakim Skovgaard (see all in AskART).
His travels include; Germany (1914), France and Italy (1921), France and Spain (1924), Paris (1933, 1934) and Holland and Belgium (1938).
He was a co-founder of the artist groups The Twelve (1924) and Aurora (1928). He exhibited with The Twelve in Copenhagen, Denmark (1924); in Malmo (1924, 1926, 1934, 1944); in Helsingborg, Sweden (1930); and in Ystad, Sweden (1949). He exhibited with Aurora in Lund, Sweden (1928, 1932, 1936, 1944, 1951, 1953, 1958); in Malmo (1929, 1938, 1941, 1943, 1948, 1953); in Norrkoping, Sweden (1933); Stockholm (1935); Ystad (1942, 1954); Helsingborg (1949); and in Motala, Sweden (1952).
In addition to the above groups he exhibited with the General Art Association Spring Exhibition in Stockholm (1917); the Young Swedish Artists traveling show (1930-1931); the Exhibition of Skane Art (3) at Kunsthal Charlottenborg, Copenhagen (1946); and at many more exhibitions into the 1960s.
His work is avidly collected. Examples of it are also in several public collections including the Museum of Modern Art (Stockholm), Malmo Museum, the Art Gallery of Vikingsberg (Helsingborg), and the University Art Gallery (Lund).
He is listed in E. Benezit, Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs (1999) and in the dictionary of Swedish artists Svenskt Konstnars Lexikon (1967), 5 volumes. There is also the book by Solveig Mansfeld, titled SCHYL - Jules Schyl : 1883 – 1977 (1990), published by Kalejdoskop Förlag (Åhus) (125 pgs, Colour).
(1) In 1983, the estate of Jules and Karin Schyl donated a large and diverse art collection to Malmo Konsthall. Today, it is the nucleus of an important public collection of international modern art reflecting the most significant movements and directions in contemporary art.
(2) Malmo and Copenhagen are only about 20 miles apart (a 90 minute ferry ride) across the, well traveled, Oresund Sea.
(3) Skane is a southern province of Sweden that includes the cities of Malmo, Lund, Helsingborg and Ystad.
The authors owe a special debt to Kaj Hällqvist of the National Museum / Moderna Museet library, Stockhlom; Isabelle Siöström of the National Museum, Stockholm; and Ann-Marie Björklund of Malmo Konsthall, all of whom kindly supplied valuable information necessary to complete this biography.
Prepared and contributed by M.D.Silverbrooke and Eeva Isaksson
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