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 Antoni Tapies  (1923 - 2012)

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Lived/Active: Spain/France      Known for: mixed-media modernist painting

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Antoni Tapies
from Auction House Records.
Gran ocra amb incisions (Large Ochre with Incisions)
© Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Biography from RoGallery.com:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Spanish painter, Antonio Tapies, studied law from 1943-1946 at the University of Barcelona before taking up painting. He was largely self-taught and his early works had surrealist tendencies, resembling the styles of both Joan Miro and Paul Klee.

During the mid 1950’s, Tàpies’ work shifted toward abstraction and he started implementing mixed media into his work. It was with these pieces that he gained notoriety. Tàpies started adding clay and marble dust into his paints and moved on to include scraps of paper, strings, and then more substantial objects like pieces of furniture. He put to words his feelings regarding the commonplace of materials and their value to artwork in his 1970 essay, “Nothing is Mean.”


SOLO EXHIBITIONS (SELECTION)

2002
Musée Picasso, Antibes .
Galeria Fernando Santos, Lisboa ; Porto .
Galerie Lelong, París.
Centro Cultural Puerta Real, Fundación Caja de Granada, Granada .
Centro Cultural de Cascais, Fundação D. Luís I, Cascais.
Galería Elvira González, Madrid.
Sala de Cultura García Castañón, Caja Navarra, Pamplona .
Sala de Exposiciones Ignacio Zuloaga, Fuendetodos.
Musée de Millau, Millau.

2001
Galerie Lelong, Zuric .
Waddington Galleries, Londres .
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris [retrospectiva] .
Centre Cultural de Caixa Girona, Fontana d'Or, Girona.
Centro Cultural Borges, Buenos Aires.
Galerie Forsblom, Helsinki.
Galería Soledad Lorenzo, Madrid .
Galerie De Rijk, La Haia.

2000
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid [retrospectiva] .
Haus der Kunst, München [retrospectiva].
Pace Wildenstein, New York.
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid.
Galerie Lelong, Paris.
Haus der Kunst, Münich.

1999
Caja de Burgos, Burgos.
Sala Pelaires, Palma de Mallorca.
Sala Amós Salvador, Logroño.
Galeria Altxerri, San Sebastian.

1998
Fundació Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona.
Casa Rusca, Pinacoteca Comunale, Locarno.
Galerie Lelong, Paris.
Kunsthalle, Krems.
Galería Soledad Lorenzo, Madrid.
Sala de Exposiciones del Centro Cultural Palacio de la Audiencia, Soria.
Pace Wildenstein, Los Angeles.
Galería Antonio Machón, Madrid.
Galeria Toni Tàpies-Edicions T, Barcelona.
Galeria Joan Prats, Barcelona.
Galeria Senda, Barcelona.

1997
Centro per l'Arte Contemporanea Luigi Pecci, Prato.
Galleria Christian Stein, Milano.
Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover.

1996
Marugame Genichiro Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art, Kagawa. [Retrospective].
Nigata City Art Museum, Nigata. [Retrospective].
Gunma Museum of Modern Art, Gunma. [Retrospective].
Edicions T-Galeria d'Art, Barcelona.

1995
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. [Retrospective].
Pace Wildenstein, New York.
Edicions T-Galeria d'Art, Barcelona.
Galería Soledad Lorenzo, Madrid.

1994
Prins Eugens Waldemarsudde, Stockholm. [Retrospective]
Waddington Galleries, London.
Rupertinum, Moderne Galerie und Graphische Sammlung, Salzburg.
Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris. [Retrospective].

1993
Pace Gallery, New York.
Spanish Pavilion, Biennal de Venezia.
Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt. [Retrospective].
Erker Galerie, St. Gallen.
Fundació Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona. [Retrospective].

1992
Fundació Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona. [Retrospective].
IVAM, Centre Julio González, València. [Retrospective].
Serpentine Gallery, London. [Retrospective].
Meadows Museum, Dallas, Texas. [Retrospective].
Museum of Modern Art, New York. [Retrospective].
Middlesbrough Art Gallery, Middlesbrough.

1991
Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona. [Retrospective].
Fuji Television Gallery, Tokyo.
Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno, Las Palmas. [Retrospective].
Centro Cultural Arte Contemporáneo, Mèxico, DF. [Retrospective].
Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach. [Retrospective].
Fundação Serralves, Porto. [Retrospective].
Centro de Arte Moderna, Fundação Calouste Goulbenkian, Lisboa. [Retrospective]
Waddington Galleries, London.

1990
Fundació Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona. [Retrospective].
Galerie Lelong, New York.
Galerie Lelong, Paris.
Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago.
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid. [Retrospective].

1989
Galerie Lelong, New York.
Elkon Gallery, New York.
Galerie Lelong, Zurich.
Palau de Belles Arts, Pekin. [Retrospective].
Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf. [Retrospective].

1988
Galerie Lelong, Paris.
Annely Juda Fine Arts, London.
Galerie Beyeler, Basel.
Musée Cantini, Marsella. [Retrospective].

1985
Palazzo Reale, Milano. [Retrospective].
Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Bruxelles. [Retrospective].
Stephen Wirtz Gallery, San Francisco.
1986
Künstlerhaus, Viena. [Retrospective].
Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven. [Retrospective].

1984
Galerie Maeght Lelong, New York.
Maeght Lelong Zürich, Zürich.
Galería Antonio Machón, Madrid.
Galerie Maeght Lelong, Paris.
Galerie Brusberg, Berlin.

1983
Abbaye de Sénanque, Gordes.
Städtische Galerie Prinz-Max-Palais, Karlsruhe.
Fundació Joan Miró, CEAC, Barcelona. [Retrospective].

1982
Marisa del Re Gallery, New York.
Galerie Maeght, Paris.
Scuola di San Giovanni Evangelista, Venezia. [Retrospective].
Studio Dueci, Roma.

1981
Galeria Maeght, Barcelona.
Fondation du Château de Jau, Cases de Pène. [Retrospective].
Maeght Zürich, Zürich.
M. Knoedler & Co., New York.
Stephen Wirtz Gallery, San Francisco.

1980
Kunsthalle, Kiel. [Retrospective].
Wolfgang-Gurlitt-Museum, Linz. [Retrospective].
Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid. [Retrospective].
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam. [Retrospective].

1979
Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe. [Retrospective].

1978
Kunstmuseum, Winterthur. [Retrospective].
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.
Musée de l'Abbaye de Sainte Croix, Les Sables-d'Olonne. [Retrospective].
Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf.

1977
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York. [Retrospective].
Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago. [Retrospective].
Marion Koogler McNay Art Institute, San Antonio,Texas.[Retrospective].
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa. [Retrospective].
Musée d'Art Contemporain, Montreal. [Retrospective].
Kunstverein, Bremen. [Retrospective].
Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden. [Retrospective].

1976
Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence. [Retrospective].
The Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo. [Retrospective].
Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona. [Retrospective].

1975
Maeght Zürich, Zürich.
Galerie Beyeler, Basel.
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.

1974
Louisiana Museum, Humlebaeck. [Retrospective].
Nationalgalerie, Berlin. [Retrospective].
Galerie Maeght, Paris.
Hayward Gallery, London. [Retrospective].
Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea. [Retrospective].

1973
Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris. [Retrospective].
Musée Rath, Genève. [Retrospective].
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.
Palais de Beaux-Arts, Charleroi. [Retrospective].

1972
Städtische Galerie im Haus Seel, Siegen. [Retrospective].
Galerie Maeght, Paris.

1970
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.

1969
Kasseler Kunstverein, Kassel. [Retrospective].

1968
Museum des 20, Jahrhunderts, Wien. [Retrospective].
Kunstverein, Hamburg. [Retrospective].
Kölnischer Kunstverein, Koln. [Retrospective].
Martha Jackson Gallery, NewYork.
Galerie Maeght, Paris.
Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf.

1967
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.
Kunstmuseum, St. Gallen. [Retrospective].
Galerie Maeght, Paris.

1966
Galerie Stadler, Paris.

1965
Institute of Contemporary Art, London.[Retrospective].

1964
Galerie Stadler, Paris.
Documenta III, Kassel.

1963
Phoenix Art Center, Phoenix.
Pasadena Art Museum, Pasadena.
Felix Landau Gallery, Los Angeles.
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.
Berggruen & Cie., Paris.
Galerie Im Erker, St. Gallen.

1962
Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover. [Retrospective].
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. [Retrospective].
Kunsthaus, Zürich. [Retrospective].
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas.

1961
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.
Gres Gallery, Washington.
Galerie Stadler, Paris.

1959
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.
Galerie Stadler, Paris.

1958
Galleria dell'Ariete, Milan.
XXIX Biennale Internazionale d'Arte, Venezia.

1957
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.
Galerie Stadler, Paris.
Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf.

1956
Galerie Stadler, Paris.

1953
Marshall Field & Company, Chicago.
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York.

1950
Galeries Laietanes, Barcelona.

Biography from Denis Bloch Fine Art:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Antoni Tàpies was born December 13, 1923, in Barcelona and grew up in a cultured and open environment.  His father was a lawyer and his mother came from a family of booksellers.  His adolescence was disrupted by the Spanish Civil War and a serious illness that lasted two years.  Tàpies began to study law in Barcelona in 1944, but decided instead within two years to devote himself exclusively to art.

Tàpies was essentially self-taught as a painter; the few art classes he attended left little impression on him.  Shortly after deciding to become an artist, he began attending clandestine meetings of the Blaus, an iconoclastic group of Catalan artists and writers who produced the review Dau al Set.

Tàpies’s early work was influenced by the art of Max Ernst, Paul Klee, and Joan Miró, and by Eastern philosophy.  His art was exhibited for the first time in the controversial Salo d’Octubre in Barcelona in 1948.  He soon began to develop a recognizable personal style related to matière painting, or Art Informel—a movement that focused on the materials of art-making.

The approach resulted in textural richness, but its more important aim was the exploration of the transformative qualities of matter.  Tàpies freely adopted bits of clay, earth, and stone—mediums that evoke solidity and mass—in his large-scale works, as well as, discarded materials such as string, paper and rags.

In 1950, his first solo show was held at the Galeries Laietanes, Barcelona, and he was included in the Carnegie International in Pittsburgh.  That same year, the French government awarded Tàpies a scholarship that enabled him to spend a year in Paris. His first solo show in New York was presented in 1953 at the gallery of Martha Jackson, who arranged for his work to be shown the following year in various parts of the United States.

During the 1950s and 1960s, Tàpies exhibited in major museums and galleries throughout the United States, Europe, Japan, and South America. Tàpies received the Rubens Prize of Siegen, Germany, in 1972. Retrospective exhibitions were presented at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, in 1973 and at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, in 1977.

The following year, he published his prize-winning autobiography, ‘Memòria personal’. In the early 1980s, he continued diversifying his mediums, producing his first ceramic sculptures and designing sets for Jacques Dupin’s play ‘L’Eboulement’. By 1992, three volumes of the catalogue raisonné of Tàpies’s work had been published. The following year, he and Cristina Iglesias represented Spain at the Venice Biennale, where his installation was awarded the Leone d’Oro. A retrospective exhibition was presented at the Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, and the Guggenheim Museum SoHo, New York, in 1994–95. Tàpies lives in Barcelona.

QUOTE:
“Sometimes people have the idea that art should be highly refined. But I always believed that one could make art out of simple, humble things. Small things can be transcendental. They can change our way of looking at the world. I think it’s important to make art out of almost anything.”

Select Museum Collections:
Guggenheim Berlin
Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain
Guggenheim Museum, NYC
Museum of Modern Art, NYC
National Galleries of Scotland
Museu d’Art Contemporani, Barcelona
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
Tate Gallery, London

Biography from The Museum Of Fine Art On Paper:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Antoni Tàpies was born December 13, 1923, in Barcelona.  His adolescence was disrupted by the Spanish Civil War and a serious illness that lasted two years.  Tàpies began to study law in Barcelona in 1944 but decided instead within two years to devote himself exclusively to art.  He was essentially self-taught as a painter; the few art classes he attended left little impression on him.

Shortly after deciding to become an artist, he began attending clandestine meetings of the Blaus, an iconoclastic group of Catalan artists and writers who produced the review Dau al Set.

Tàpies’s early work was influenced by the art of Max Ernst, Paul Klee, and Joan Miró, and by Eastern philosophy.  His art was exhibited for the first time in the controversial Salo d’Octubre in Barcelona in 1948.  He soon began to develop a recognizable personal style related to matière painting, or Art Informel [more], a movement that focused on the materials of art-making.  The approach resulted in textural richness, but its more important aim was the exploration of the transformative qualities of matter.

Tàpies freely adopted bits of detritus, earth, and stone—mediums that evoke solidity and mass—in his large-scale works.

In 1950, his first solo show was held at the Galeries Laietanes, Barcelona, and he was included in the Carnegie International in Pittsburgh.  That same year, the French government awarded Tàpies a scholarship that enabled him to spend a year in Paris. His first solo show in New York was presented in 1953 at the gallery of Martha Jackson, who arranged for his work to be shown the following year in various parts of the United States.

During the 1950s and 1960s, Tàpies exhibited in major museums and galleries throughout the United States, Europe, Japan, and South America.  In 1966, he began his collection of writings, La practica de l’art.  In 1969, he and the poet, Joan Brossa, published their book, Frègoli, and a second collaborative effort, Nocturn Matinal, appeared the following year.

Tàpies received the Rubens Prize of Siegen, Germany, in 1972.  Retrospective exhibitions were presented at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, in 1973 and at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, in 1977.  The following year, he published his prize-winning autobiography, Memòria Personal.  In the early 1980s, he continued diversifying his mediums, producing his first ceramic sculptures and designing sets for Jacques Dupin’s play L’Eboulement.  By 1992, three volumes of the catalogue raisonné of Tàpies’s work had been published.  The following year, he and Cristina Iglesias represented Spain at the Venice Biennale, where his installation was awarded the Leone d’Oro. A retrospective exhibition was presented at the Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, and the Guggenheim Museum SoHo, New York, in 1994–95.

Tàpies lives in Barcelona.

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