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 Luc Tuymans  (1958 - )

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Lived/Active: Belgium      Known for: abstract painting and sculpture

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LUC TUYMANS

1958
Born Mortsel, Belgium

1976
Began to study Fine Arts

Lives and works in Antwerp

Exposing the gap between represented image and historical event, Luc Tuymans's paintings delve into the inner workings of how mythology is created.  The reality of Luc Tuymans's work is almost 'twee', pleasing images of a lampshade or leopard-skin rug pass quite comfortably as aesthetic totems; it's only their cognitive association with the Holocaust, or atrocities of the Belgian Congo, that encapsulates the true banality of evil - the unspeakable horror in a teacup, the monstrous potential of an empty bath. Luc Tuymans's paintings consciously fall desperately short of the iconic, becoming vestiges posed as counterfeit emblems for that which cannot be conveyed.

Still Life is a monument to this inadequacy of language.  Made initially for the 2002 Documenta, Luc Tuymans was expected to present paintings of images relating to 9/11 to coincide with the exhibition's theme of political and social engagement. What he decided to show was a giant still life. The sheer scale makes the contemplation of this painting almost impossible: a vast canvas representing an absolute nothingness. Luc Tuymans chose the subject of still life precisely because it was utterly unremarkable; a generic 'brand' of 'object' rendered to immense scale; it is banality expanded to the extreme. The simplicity of Luc Tuymans's composition alludes to a pure and uninterrupted world order; the ephemeral light, with which the canvas seems to glow, places it as an epic masterpiece of metaphysical and spiritual contemplation. In response to unimaginable horror, Luc Tuymans offers the sublime. A gaping magnitude of impotency, which neither words nor paintings could ever express.

If media images inadequately depict the horrors of reality, then Luc Tuymans's paintings are even more disturbingly detached. Often taking his imagery from published photos (of war, violence, subjugation), the paintings are the antithesis of this historic iconography: dull tones, vague, nondescript scenes, stripped of emotional propaganda.

Maypole suggests only the mistiest remnants of a memory: men in lederhosen raising a mast (Cross?), with flags waving in the distance, they could be scouts, pioneers, morris dancers or Hitler Youth.  Though it's painted with the faded language of nostalgia, Maypole is strangely empty: void of sympathy or moral, Luc Tuymans renders a scene twice-removed, making it impulsively human. Without context of history or source, the viewer is left to engage with the painting on a purely instinctive level; being drawn into the evils of history, he adopts his own role as a silent and willing observer.

Luc Tuymans paints the indescribable. His dark muted scenes seem vaguely familiar, distant, like haunting memories. Drawing his inspiration from grand themes, Luc Tuymans taps into a universal social guilt: from the Holocaust, or imperialism, to child abuse. By minimalising his images, he creates a raw emotion through paint; each painting linking spiritually, somehow instinctively, to the rest.

Within is a tranquil vermin metaphor for contamination and disease. A close-up detail of a birdcage, this painting more than conveys feelings of hopelessness and isolation: through its sheer size and potency, it literally traps the viewer, swallowing him into a prison of collective consciousness.

Luc Tuymans's pigeons bop in dumb disarray. Dirty and disease-ridden, they're a strangely curious mob, a metaphoric stand-in for ourselves. Painted in the muted tones of history, Luc Tuymans offers a chilling ultimate truth about humankind. He makes a cold comedy of a terrifying thought.

Ritual and tradition play a large part in Luc Tuymans's work, drawing on the solace in repetition, the blind faith of unquestioned custom. Taken from a funerary tribute photo, the type of memento circulated to grieving loved ones in Luc Tuymans's native Belgium, Portrait is an image of both commemoration and inconsequence. The woman's melancholic expression and sickly pallor serve less as a reminder of a vibrant life, than a lingering forbearance of death; her cherished memory a mere ghost - faded and shrinking, as if she never was. Only her black dress and glasses remain, sinister and anonymous props, lonely relics without sentiment or intimacy.

SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS

2004
Luc Tuymans K 21, Dusseldorf
Luc Tuymans Tate Modern, London
Treasure Island Sammlung Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg, Germany
Luc Tuymans Kunstsammlung im Stundehaus, Dusseldorf

2003
The Arena Kunstmuseum, St Gallen, Sweden;
Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich; Kunstverein, Hannover, Germany
Display Helsingin Taidehalli, Helsinki; David Zwirner Gallery,
New York

2002
NIKS Zeno X Storage - Borgerhout, Antwerp,
Belgium

2001
The Rumour White Cube, London
Mwana Kitoko - Beautiful White Man Belgian Pavilion, Giardini
di Venezia, Venice
Signal Hamburger Bahnhoff, Berlin

2000
Insolence Wako Arts of Art, Tokyo
Mwana Kitoko David Zwirner Gallery, New York
The Promise Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp, Belgium

1999
The Purge - Paintings Bonnefantenmuseum,
Maastricht; Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg, Germany; Salzburger Kunstverein,
Salzburg, Austria
Splendid Isolation White Cube, London
The Passion Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp

1998
Security David Zwirner Gallery, New York
Privacy - Luc Tuymans and Miroslav Balka, Fundacao de Serralves,
Porto
Delayed Anders Tornberg Gallery, Lund, Sweden
Der Architekt Galerie Gebauer, Berlin

1997
Illegitimate Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp
Premonition University Art Museum, Berkeley

1996
Necklace Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp
The Heritage David Zwirner Gallery, New York

1995
Heimat Musee des Beaux-Arts, Nantes, France
The Agony Galeria Foksal SBWA, Warsaw
Heimat Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp
Superstition Institute of Contemporary Art, London & The
Renaissance Society, Chicago

1994
At Random Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp
Superstition Portikus, Frankfurt & David Zwirner, New York

1993
Luc Tuymans Kabinett fur Aktuelle Kunst,
Bremerhaven, Germany
Intolerance Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp
Luc Tuymans Galerie Paul Andriesse, Amsterdam
Luc Tuymans Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld, Germany

1992
Luc Tuymans Kunsthalle, Bern, Switzerl


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