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 Jean Viollier  (1896 - 1985)

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Lived/Active: Switzerland      Known for: painting

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Ad Code: 3
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from Auction House Records.
"Les objets morts dans la ville"
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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Jean Viollier (1896-19850

Born in Geneva in 1896, he mostly lived there and in Pully until 1950.  After a few years in Paris, between 1924 and 1931, he decided to  make Paris his permanent home in the 1950s.  He nevertheless remained faithful to the Leman shores that he visited regularly; numerous of his landscape paintings, especially beach scenes, show his attachment to Lake Geneva.

Jean Viollier renewed his style constantly. He was a follower of “precisionism“, a precursor of the technique of "transparence", a master of figurative art and realism as well as a fervent supporter of surrealism.

"The painter was especially fond of a motif: ”the swimmers on the beach”; in summertime, while watching them laying on the sand, he collected impressions on his sketch book in order to transpose them on the canvas.  He wanted to reveal “the coloured irradiation of the forms in half-light“ without resorting to the impressionists’ process; he laid emphasis on a “force-forms-colours” technique."

Throughout his career, Viollier went on looking for new ways of expressing himself, which eventually led him to a geometric style, far from all the polemics about figurative and non figurative art.


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