Artist Search
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z 

 Charles Caleb Ward  (1831 - 1896)

About: Charles Caleb Ward


Examples of his work


Quick facts

Exhibits - current  




Book references

Magazine references pre-2007  

Discussion board

Signature Examples*

Buy and Sell: Charles Caleb Ward
  For sale ads

Auction results*

  Wanted ads Auctions upcoming for him*  

Auction sales graphs*


What's my art worth?

Magazine ads pre-1998*  

Market Alert - Free

Lived/Active: New Brunswick/New York / Canada      Known for: painting, photography, illustration, writing

Login for full access
View AskART Services

*may require subscription

Available for Charles Caleb Ward:

Quick facts (Styles, locations, mediums, teachers, subjects, geography, etc.) (Charles Ward)


Biographical information (Charles Ward)


Book references (Charles Ward)


Museum references (Charles Ward)


Auction records - upcoming / past (Charles Ward)


Auction high record price (Charles Ward)


Signature Examples* (Charles Ward)


Analysis of auction sales (Charles Ward)


Discussion board entries (Charles Ward)


Image examples of works (Charles Ward)


Please send me Alert Updates for Charles Caleb Ward (free)
What is an alert list?

Ad Code: 3
Charles Caleb Ward
from Auction House Records.
Independence Day
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Charles Caleb Ward (AKA: C.C. Ward) was a painter, photographer, illustrator, printmaker and writer.  He was born in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada and died in Rothesay, New Brunswick  (10 miles north east of St. John) where he had lived since 1882.  He also lived and worked, intermittently, from 1850 to 1872 in New York City and Boston and from about 1870 to 1882 in St. George, New Brunswick (40 miles west of St. John) . (1)
His mediums were oil, watercolor, albumen print* carte de visite photographs* (2) and "handcoloured wood engravings*" (3).  His subjects were portraits, genre*, children, the circus (P.T. Barnum's), Indians, animals, city views and landscapes.  His style was Realism*.  He is considered one of the fore bearers of the Norman Rockwell (see AskART) style of illustration art.
Ward studied in England (c.1846) under William Henry Hunt (4); in Paris (c.1849); and in New York (1850 - 1851) under Asher Brown Durand (see teachers in AskART).
He exhibited with the National Academy of Design*, New York (c. 1850 - 1883) and the Brooklyn Art Association (1868 - 1881) (5).  He also exhibited in the Inter-State Industrial Exposition of Chicago (1877) (6) and at the Centennial Exhibition in Saint John (1883).
Posthumously, his work was included in “New Brunswick Landscape Artists of the 19th Century” at the New Brunswick Museum (1969) and in November 2010 (to May 2011) it will be included in "The Pleasure of Recognition: Rockwell's Inspirations" at the Norman Rockwell Museum, Stockbridge, Massachusetts. (6)
His works are in several museums including the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), the Addison Gallery of American Art (Andover, Massachusetts), the Smith College Museum of Art (Northampton, Massachusetts), the Currier Museum of Art (Manchester, New Hampshire), the Art Gallery of Ontario (Toronto), the New Brunswick Museum (Saint John), the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia (Halifax) and the Beaverbrook Art Gallery (Fredericton, N.B.).

Examples of Ward's illustrated stories about wildlife, fishing and hunting can be seen in 1870s and 1880s issues of the Illustrated London News, Century Magazine, Scribner's Magazine and St. Nicholas Magazine.
(1) Exact dates can be sketchy when discussing anyone who had several residences and places of business, even in the 20th century; the problem is compounded by the passage of time and conflicting histories when discussing a person who died in the 19th century.  All the dates used in this biography come from sources listed in AskART book references however; on further examination it can get confusing. For example, with regard to his time in St. George A Dictionary of Canadian Artists states that he was engaged in business in St. George in the mid 1870s and that when the business failed in 1882 he moved to Rothesay, this is confirmed by an article about the St. George granite industry dated 1968 in the local historical society which describes Ward as one of the founders of the granite business in 1872.

However, we found an article written by the curator of the New Brunswick Museum, written and published in 1998, that quotes an article in the Illustrated London (England) News dated July 16, 1864, described as "sent by Charles Caleb Ward, a local artist who was also involved in the Red Stone Granite Company in St. George".  On the other side we found confirmation that in 1881 he was still living in St. George, in a scathing review of his work (on exhibition in New York) in the New York Times, dated February 14, 1881.  It noted, that he lived in St. George, New Brunswick and should "come to New York and take a course in one of our three good schools of art before exhibiting again." The conclusion is, there is ample evidence he lived in the places noted however, if exact dates are important, such as when authenticating a work of art, then further research is needed.
(2.1) "Albumen prints are a variety of photographic paper print in which a finely divided silver and gold image is dispersed in a matrix of egg white. Such prints constitute by far the largest category of objects in 19th century photographic collections.  Albumen paper became the most widely used photographic printing material about 1855, and remained so until 1895; it did not disappear completely from photographic practice until the 1920's.  The span of time during which albumen paper predominated in photographic usage represents not only an important formative period in photographic aesthetics and technology, it is also the era during which photography first began to be integrated into a wide range of human activities, thus becoming an influence on the culture at large.  This occurred in ways which we are only now beginning to appreciate.  One ongoing example is our changing evaluation of the photographs of the American West and American Indian peoples; these images shaped attitudes toward the West at the time they were made--and still do--only now their power is magnified because for us, they embody both artistic achievement and deep historical significance."  Source: James M. Reilly, Research Associate, School of Photographic Arts and Sciences, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, N.Y. (
(2.2) Carte de Visite  photographs--small albumen prints mounted on cards 2-1/2 by 4 inches--were wildly popular and made for decades in countries around the world. The format was an international standard; for the first time, relatives and friends could exchange portraits, knowing they would find a place in the recipient's family album--whether that album was located in Brooklyn, Berlin or Brazil. In addition, unlike earlier photographs made with such processes as the daguerreotype and ambrotype, cartes de visite could be sent through the mail without the need for a bulky case and fragile cover-glass. Their small size also made them relatively inexpensive, and they became so widespread that by 1863 Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes would write, "Card portraits, as everybody knows, have become the social currency, the 'green-backs' of civilization." The vast majority of cartes depict individuals or couples posed in the studio; the small size of the format appears to leave little room for more complex subject matter. But perhaps out of necessity (for example, a frontier photographer limited to a single camera), cartes de visite were also made of groups and landscapes and even as pioneering examples of photojournalism. Sometimes it seems as if the early photographers who made these small images were trying to capture the world around them on a tiny patch of paper and cardboard. Judging their work more than a century later, it can be argued that in many cases they succeeded. Source: The American Museum of Photography
(2.3) There are four examples of Charles Caleb Ward albumen print carte-de-visite views of Saint John city scenes dated 1865 - 1870 in the New Brunswick Museum. (see AskART Museums)
(3) There are four examples of Charles Caleb Ward / Mason Jackson handcoloured wood engravings illustrating different aspects of Caribou Hunting in New Brunswick in the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. (see AskART Museums)
(4) Most sources show he studied under Hunt which probably took place in London, where Hunt lived. However, the latest entry (2008) in A Dictionary of Canadian Artists (volume 9 online only) also indicates he was first sent to Liverpool in 1846 to study shipping, his family’s business.
(5)  Falk's Who Was Who in American Art also, indicates he exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago but provides no dates. (see AskART books)
(6) The Ward painting listed in the 1877 Chicago exhibition catalogue (#212) and the 1874 Brooklyn Art Association catalogue (#125) has the same name as the one presently in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Coming Events Cast Their Shadows Before dated 1871, and currently (2010) available to view on the MMA site, illustrates how his style may have influenced Norman Rockwell's. "Coming Events ..." was priced at $800.00 in the Brooklyn show (no prices in Chicago); of the 376 paintings in the show most were priced below $500.00, only 7 were priced higher than $800.00, one was Stoke Pogis, Scene of Gray's Elegy (#124) by Jasper F. Cropsey (see AskART) at $1000.00. 

* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see Glossary

Prepared and contributed by M.D. Silverbrooke


** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at
  go to top home | site map | site terms | AskART services & subscriptions | contact | about us
  copyright © 2000-2014 AskART all rights reserved ® AskART and Artists' Bluebook are registered trademarks

  A |  B |  C |  D-E |  F-G |  H |  I-K |  L |  M |  N-P |  Q-R |  S |  T-V |  W-Z  
  frequently searched artists 1, 2, more...  
  art appraisals, art for sale, auction records, misc artists