Watanabe Kazan, original name Watanabe Sadayasu (born Oct. 20, 1793, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan—died Nov. 23, 1841, Tahara), Japanese scholar and painter noted for his character-revealing portraits and his pioneering efforts in adapting Western perspective to Japanese art.
The son of a poor retainer of a lesser lord, Watanabe studied painting to earn a living. In 1832 Watanabe, who was in the service of Lord Tawara of Mikawa, was sent to an important post at Edo (now Tokyo). He also was put in charge of coastal defense for his province.
His opposition to the stringent anti-foreigner policy of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate, however, brought him great suffering and a long term of house a
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