Henry John Yeend-King
(1855 - 1924)
Henry John Yeend-King was active/lived in England, United Kingdom. Henry YeendKing is known for bucolic genre and female figure in landscape.
Henry John Yeend-King
Biography from the Archives of askART
An English Victorian artist who spent most of his career in London,
Henry John Yeend King painted numerous bucolic scenes with young farm
women, either working at their chores or simply enjoying the serenity
of country living. King's formal education was at the
Philological School in London and then at a glass painters, O'Connor's,
for three years. Following that period, he studied painting with
William Bromley (active 1835-1888), a painter in London, and then
studied in Paris with Leon Bonnat (1833-1922) and Fernand Cormon
(1854-1924). The academic training in France was very
influential and "helped mold his fully matured style of carefully
modeled figures, plein-air technique and bold coloration."
Biography from Odon Wagner Gallery
In 1879, the Royal Society of British Artists elected King to
membership, and a frequent RBA exhibitor, he showed 115 paintings at
Society venues. In 1886, he became an elected member of the
Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolor, which he later served as
vice-president and where he exhibited 38 paintings. He was also a
member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Oil-Colors, and in various
exhibitions of the Royal Academy of London, entered 94 paintings.
Although he lived in London, he avoided big-city life or industrial
scenes in his paintings and traveled continuously in the English
countryside for subject matter.
He married Edith Atkinson in 1881, the daughter of mezzotint engraver
T.L. Atkinson, and they had a daughter, Lilian who became an artist.
Henry John Yeend King lived to age 68, and died on June 10, 1924.
His paintings are in numerous collections including the Tate Gallery,
London; Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool; Leeds City Art Galleries, Leeds;
Oldham Art Gallery, England.
Henry John Yeend King was an important Victorian genre and landscape artist. He was born in London on August 21, 1855 and began his education as a choirboy at the Temple Church. One of the artist's earliest recollections was of being locked in the building one afternoon after practice: "I had to spend the night in a cabin built of pew cushions, while my father was inquiring at every hospital in London. After three weeks' rest with a bad cold, on going back to my choral duties I was summoned to an interview with a Bencher, who, after regaling me with cake and wine, presented me with five shillings for having been a 'good boy,' and 'for not having thrown my boots through one of the stained-glass windows.' The idea of doing such a thing had never occurred to me."
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He continued his schooling at the Philological School before being apprenticed to O'Connor's, the glass painters, of Bernes St., London for three years. After working at O'Connor's he went to study painting under the Victorian artist William Bromley, RBA, and then he traveled to Paris to study under Leon Bonnat (1833 - 1922) and Fernand Cormon (1854 - 1924). His academic training in Paris, along with a definite influence of the French Realists and Impressionists, helped mold his fully matured style of carefully modeled figures, plein air technique and bold coloration.
Yeend King lived in London for most of his life however, like many of his contemporaries his heart was 'in the country'. He traveled extensively throughout England and France in search of suitable subject matter. In 1885 he wrote and illustrated an article entitled "A Round in France" for The Magazine of Art - giving both a visual and written tour of the French countryside leading to Brittany.
His specialty was scenes of rustic genre and the countryside - almost never showing the heavily industrialized cities. His paintings depict pretty farm girls (often using his own daughter as a model) at work in the fields or on the farm - much like the French Realist artist Julien Dupré; or women at rest in tranquil landscapes or cottage gardens.
In 1881 he married Edith Lilian Atkinson, daughter of T.L. Atkinson (the mezzotint engraver), and they had one daughter - Lilian (who became an artist). Yeend King was an important and influential artist and was noted by the London Times in an article on June 6, 1924 as:
In appearance Yeend King was a contrast to the conventional idea of an artist, being clean-shaven, wearing his hair short, and having a genial smile and a great fund of humor. Like most painters, however, he was a real Bohemian, with a wonderful collection of funny stories, which he told well. He was seldom without a snuff-box, although he himself was not a constant snuff-taker.
In 1879, he was elected to the Royal Society of British Artist (RBA) and in 1886 he was elected to the Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolor (of which he later became vice-president). He was also a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Oil-Colors and was a frequent exhibitor at all the major exhibition halls; showing 115 works at the RBA, 38 at the RI and 94 at the Royal Academy. Yeend King also exhibited paintings throughout Europe and the United States - winning medals in Paris, Berlin and Chicago.
It was at the Royal Academy exhibit of 1897 that the Council of the RA, as trustees for the permanent collection in New South Wales, purchased The Garden by the River and in 1898 the Tate Gallery, under the Chantrey Bequest, purchased Milking Time.
He died on June 10, 1924 at the age of 68.
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